Effect of Routine Glove Use on the Colonization Rate of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
1Department of Pediatrics, Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital, Tokyo
2Department of Pediatrics, Nippon Medical School
Despite strict adherence to standard precautionary methods, such as hand washing, isolation precaution, and individual use of various devices, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become epidemic in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). To prevent nosocomial MRSA transmission via the hands of hospital personnel, we have worn gloves while caring for neonates since July 2005. The colonization rate of MRSA was calculated as the ratio of the neonates colonized with MRSA to the total number of neonates in our NICU. With the glove precaution, the mean colonization rate has decreased from 20% (April 2004 through June 2005) to 8.8% (July 2005 through June 2006). This study suggests that the glove precaution can significantly reduce the nosocomial transmission of MRSA, although it might be necessary to survey MRSA carriers and search for effective control measures in each NICU.
日医大医会誌 2008; 4(4), 189-192
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, infection control, gloves
Mizue Nakajima, Department of Pediatrics, Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital, 5-11-12 Tateishi, Katsushika-ku, Tokyo 124-0012, Japan